Only Malta, Luxembourg generate less renewable energy than the UK.
Greg Clark, the shadow energy and climate secretary, told the Guardian: "This failure reflects the government's decade-long absence of an energy policy."
"It is characteristic of Labour's approach to government - to sign up to targets, but have no plan to achieve them," he added.
According to the Department of Energy and Climate Change, the UK's renewable energy output has climbed by 0.5 per cent since 2005.
Last month the European energy commissioner Andris Piebalgs called on EU countries to create an ambitious carbon trading agreement which could cut the cost of renewable energy.
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