According to the IPPR, research shows the current measures in place are not 'adequately addressing the problem' and emergency measures should be put in place for low income groups.
Estimates from the National Housing Federation suggest that seven million households in the UK are living in fuel poverty.
Lisa Harker, co-director of the IPPR, said: "The recession means there is less money around to reduce fuel poverty, and at the same time energy prices are going up...We need a new, far-sighted fuel poverty strategy."
She added that the strategy should focus on renewable energy and "wealthier households pay[ing] their fair share".
The IPPR predicts that rising energy prices, lower incomes and poor energy efficiency and heating standards in the UK's housing stock will contribute to higher gas and electricity bulls in the future.
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