How to read your gas and electricity meters
Electricity and gas meters are fitted to monitor the energy usage at every household and business premises. These meters are a way for suppliers – and you – to measure how much gas or electricity you’ve used during any given period of time. The units are measured in kilowatt hours (kWh).
Why do you need to take meter readings?
It’s important to take regular meter readings, because your energy supplier uses these to track how much gas and electricity you use, and work out how much your bill will be.
If you don’t provide regular readings to your supplier, they’ll estimate your bill. This means they’ll use previous data to make an educated guess of how much energy they think you’ve used, and they’ll charge you for that amount, rather than the actual energy you’ve used.
As estimated meter readings aren’t usually very accurate, it’s likely you’ll either end up paying too much or too little towards your energy costs.
If you’re paying too much then you will build up credit on your account. You’ll eventually get this reimbursed when accurate meter readings are taken, but this could take a while, and you’ll be out of pocket in the meantime.
If the estimate is too low and you’re not paying enough towards your energy costs, then this is even worse as you’ll build up debt on your account. At some point, when accurate meter readings are provided, you’ll have to repay this debt. If you can’t pay, then your energy supplier can stop you from switching to a better deal with another supplier, or they could insist on installing a prepayment meter to gradually repay the debt over time. This would probably result in even higher energy costs.
How to read gas and electricity meters
The good news is that reading your meters is fairly straightforward. If your property only uses electricity then you only need to take one reading, but if your property uses both gas and electricity then you’ll need to take two separate meter readings.
How to read a digital meter
Make a note of all the digits shown, excluding anything after the decimal. Be sure to include any zeros at the start. In this diagram the meter reading is 08613.
How to read an imperial meter
Record all the digits shown, except the digits in red. Be sure to include any zeros at the start. In this diagram the meter reading is 08613.
How to read a mechanical dial meter
Taking readings from a dial meter is slightly trickier. Read the dials from left to right. If an arrow is between two numbers, use the lower of the two numbers (note that adjacent dials turn in opposite directions). Don’t record any numbers shown on red dials. In this diagram the meter reading is 8613.
How to submit meter readings to your supplier
Your supplier should give you a range of options for submitting meter readings:
- Call your supplier – this is usually an automated meter reading telephone service. You’ll need to have your account number to hand.
- Text your meter readings to a specified number.
- Post your meter reading cards to a freepost address.
- Log into your account on the supplier’s website.
- Use a special form on the supplier’s website – you’ll need your account number for this.
- Using a smartphone app – some suppliers now provide free apps you can download to submit your meter readings, manage your account and use other services. Some apps require you to take a photo of your meter and send it to your supplier while others include optical recognition technology which reads your meter via your phone’s camera and transmits this information to your supplier.
How often should you provide meter readings?
As a minimum, you should provide meter readings every three months. Ideally, though, once per month is ideal, to make sure your energy costs are always accurate, particularly during the winter months. But, there’s nothing stopping you providing meter readings as often as you like.
Taking meter readings for others
If you have elderly friends or relatives, or if look after someone with a disability or special needs, then be sure to help them take their meter readings as well. These are the people who need as much protection as possible against inflated energy bills, particularly in the colder months.
What are the different types of electricty meters?
There are several different kinds of electricity meters, but the most common are:
- Single rate digital meters
- Two rate digital meters
- Two rate single display meters
- Mechanical dial meters
Electricity meters measure electricity use in kilowatt hours (kWh). The front panel of each meter contains the information you’ll need to record and submit your meter readings. If your electricity meter is different to the ones below, it might help to contact your supplier for assistance reading your meter.
Single rate digital meters
On single rate digital meters, the numbers are shown on an electronic or digital display. There will be five numbers in black or white, followed by one or more numbers in red – or with a red background. Alternatively, there may be seven numbers, with a decimal point separating them. When recording your reading, read from left to right and ignore the red numbers – or the ones after the decimal point. The red numbers will probably be changing all the time – this is simply to show that energy is being consumed.
Two rate digital meters
Two rate digital meters may also be called variable digital meters. You’ll have a two rate digital meter if you’re on an Economy 7 tariff where you are charged two different rates – a lower price for electricity consumed during off-peak hours, and a higher price for electricity consumed at other points during the day.
Two rate digital meters usually have two rows of numbers. The top row – marked ‘low’ or ‘night’ – indicates the units of off-peak electricity you have used. The bottom row – marked ‘normal’ or ‘day’ – indicates the units of peak electricity you have used. If the rows are not marked, you may need to rely on your previous meter readings to figure out the rates for each row.
You’ll need to provide your supplier with readings from both rows. Read from left to right and ignore any numbers shown in red.
If you’re on an Economy 10 tariff, there’ll be an additional display to help record the electricity you use across three different time periods. The procedure is the same – read from left to right, ignore any numbers show in red, and provide all three readings to your supplier.
Two rate single display meters: Two rate single display meters may also be referred to as variable digital meters. You may have a two rate single display meter if you’re on an Economy 7 tariff. Your meter will either alternate between the two rate readings in a cycle, or have a button that you can press to switch between the two rates.
The meter will indicate which rate the numbers refer to by displaying the words ‘Rate 1’ and ‘Rate 2’ or ‘low’ and ‘normal’. For some meters, if the rate indicator is flashing, this means the numbers it corresponds to is the lower rate. If a letter ‘T’ is showing, you can ignore the corresponding numbers when taking your reading.
When recording your reading, read from left to right, then press the button and read from left to right again, making a note of which rate the numbers refer to. You’ll need to provide your supplier with both readings. Make sure you take the reading during your specified off-peak hours – typically any seven hour period between 10pm and 8am.
Mechanical dial meters
Mechanical dial meters can be more difficult to read than any of the others mentioned so far. You’ll see a series of five or more clock-type dials, each of which has an arrow pointing to a number between zero and nine. You’ll notice that each dial turns in the opposite direction to the dial before and after it. When recording your reading, read the first five dials from left to right and ignore any dial marked ‘1/10’ or in red. Also ignore the very last dial on the right. If the arrow is between numbers, record the lower of the two numbers – this is not necessarily the number closest to the arrow. If the arrow is between nine and zero, record it as nine.
If the arrow is exactly over a number, write it down and underline it. If you’ve underlined a number, check the next dial to the right. If the arrow on that dial is at nine – or if you’ve recorded it as nine – you’ll need to reduce the number you underlined by one. So, if you underlined six and it is followed by a nine, you should change the six to a five, and underline the five. Repeat this process until you have a final five-digit number.
What are the different types of gas meters?
There are three types of gas meters:
- Digital metric meters
- Digital imperial meters
- Mechanical dial meters
You may have to go outside your property to find your gas meter. The front panel of each meter contains the information you’ll need to record and submit your meter readings. If your gas meter is different from the ones below, you may need to contact your energy supplier who can help you figure out how to read the meter.
Digital metric meters
Digital metric gas meters measure gas usage in cubic meters (m3) and will usually display the symbols ‘M’ or ‘M3’. In digital metric meters, the numbers are shown on an electronic or digital display. When recording your reading, read from left to right, exclude the figures after the decimal but include any zeros at the start.
Digital imperial meters
Digital imperial meters are older than metric meters and measure gas in cubic feet (ft3). They will usually display the words ‘cubic feet’ or the letters ‘Ft’. In digital imperial meters, the numbers are shown as a series of analogue numbers, with the digits in red continually changing. When recording your reading, read from left to right, exclude the figures in red – and ignore the dial on the far right – but include any zeros at the start.
Mechanical dial meters
Mechanical dial meters are possibly the most difficult type of meter to read – and are being phased out as a result.
If you have a mechanical dial meter, you’ll see a series of clock-style dials, each with one arrow pointing to a number between zero and nine. You’ll probably observe that adjacent dials turn in opposite directions.
Record the number indicated by the arrow in each dial, going from left to right and ignoring the numbers shown on any red dials. If the arrow is between two numbers, record the lower of the two numbers – this may not necessarily be the number closest to the arrow. If the arrow is between nine and zero, record it as nine.
What are smart meters?
The alternative to submitting meter readings is installing a smart meter. These meters send usage data automatically to energy suppliers and keep a real-time record of your energy consumption. Your supplier can use these figures to produce accurate bills, and can also use your smart meter to send you updates on your tariff.
If you have renewable energy generating technology installed at your home, the smart meter can also measure how much energy you produce – and help you calculate whether you are producing a surplus you can sell back to the National Grid.
The government is planning to provide smart meters to all households in the UK by 2020. Under Ofgem regulations, you can control how much smart meter data is accessible to your energy supplier, and whether your supplier can share the information they receive with third parties – or use the information for marketing purposes.