How to claim energy compensation
In a bid to reduce people’s dissatisfaction with electricity and gas suppliers, Ofgem has introduced a number of domestic energy market reforms in recent years.
As a result of these reforms, households should now find it easier to compare tariffs from different suppliers using price comparison sites, as well as have a better understanding of their energy bills and be more confident in the transparency of their energy suppliers.
Among the reforms is the ability to claim compensation if your energy supplier or distributor delivers a less than satisfactory service.
How to claim compensation on your energy bills
If you’re unhappy with your energy supplier, it’s easier than ever to vote with your feet and switch to a better deal with a new provider.
If switching isn’t enough, and you want to make a complaint about your previous energy supplier, you need to contact them directly, outlining the issue - you might be even able to claim compensation for issues like:
- Mistakes on bills.
- Inaccurate meter readings.
- Missing bills.
- Backdated bills – your supplier cannot backdate charges beyond one year.
- Your switch took too long – it shouldn't take longer than three weeks.
How to complain to your energy company
Each supplier will have its own written complaints procedure that you’ll have to follow when making your complaint, so when contacting your supplier, make it clear that you are calling or writing to make a complaint. Each supplier will have its own written complaints procedure that you’ll have to follow when making your complaint, so when contacting your supplier, make it clear that you are calling or writing to make a complaint.
Your supplier should then give you a time frame within which they expect to resolve your complaint – the Big Six energy companies have to resolve issues within eight weeks, while the smaller suppliers are given twelve weeks.
If your supplier takes longer than stated, you can then take your complaint to the Energy Ombudsman, who will look into your case and may award you compensation.
You may also be eligible for compensation from your gas and electricity supplier in the following circumstances:
How to complain if you've been mis-sold electricity or gas
If you feel you have been unfairly pressured or misled into signing up to an energy deal – whether by a doorstep salesperson or a telesales agent – you may be able to claim compensation, and could also be entitled to £250 recompense if you’ve been switched to another supplier without your permission.
If this happens to you, you first need to contact the energy supplier in question, who should be able to reverse any changes to your account and refund any payments you have made due to mis-selling.
If your complaint is not resolved to your satisfaction, or within the specified timeframe, you can contact the Energy Ombudsman who will look into your case and may award you compensation.
How to complian if your supplier misses a scheduled appointment
If your supplier needs to work on your electricity or gas supply for any reason, they should give you the choice of a morning or afternoon visit, and typically specify a four-hour window for the visit, but you can ask for a two-hour slot.
If your supplier misses the appointment without letting you know, and due to events out of their control, you can claim up to £30 in compensation. This will either be credited back to your account, or sent by cheque, depending upon how you pay your bills, and if it’s not paid within ten days, you can claim a further £30.
If your supply is cut off due to a faulty prepayment meter, your supplier has to send someone to fix the problem within three hours, so long as it’s reported between 8am and 8pm, Monday to Friday. If you report it outside of these hours, it has until 1pm the following day, and four hours is given to fix this problem over the weekend. If these deadlines are missed, you can claim £30 from your supplier.
How to complain if your energy supply is interrupted without notice or for a lengthy period
If your energy supply has been disrupted without warning, or a power outage lasts more than 24 hours, you can claim compensation so long as the electricity distributor or gas transporter is at fault.
If the outage is caused by the supply being cut during works, a tripped fuse, or you’ve not paid your bill, then you won’t be able to claim compensation.
If the power cut was planned, your supplier must give you at least two days’ notice. If not, you can claim £30 compensation within 30 days of the outage.
For unexpected power cuts, the level of compensation you can claim depends upon the cause and the number of homes affected:
- If fewer than 5,000 households experience a gas or electricity power outage for more than 12 hours, each home can claim £75, and a further £35 for each additional 12 hour period.
- If more than 5,000 households are affected, each home can claim £75, and a further £35 for each additional 12 hour period, but compensation is capped at £300 per household.
- If the outage is caused by storms or poor weather, households can claim £70 if they are without power for 24 hours, and £70 for each additional 12 hour period, subject to a £700 cap.
- You can also claim £75 if you are cut off more than four times, and for at least three hours in each instance, in any 12-month period between 1 April and 31 March. You may also be eligible for special compensation if you’re without power over Christmas, and if the power outage lasted longer than 18-24 hours in normal weather due to a fault by the distributor.
To help your compensation claim, make a note of the time and date of the disruption, and how long it lasted. Your claim should be settled within 10 days of the power cut.
How to make a complaint about your electricity or gas network operator
You can also claim compensation if you are inconvenienced due to an electricity or gas network operator, that is the company in charge of the pipes and cables that transport energy to your property.
How to complain about your electricity network operator
You can claim compensation from your electricity network operator if:
- They take too long to replace your mains fuse.
- They take too long to restore your electricity after a power cut or shortage.
- They shut off your power for planned maintenance without at least two days’ advance notice.
- They miss an appointment to inspect your supply voltage.
- You get four or more separate power cuts in a year.
- They take too long to give you an estimate for a new connection.
- Your quote is not accurate.
- Your compensation payment is late.
How to complain about your gas network operator
You can claim compensation from your gas network operator if:
- They are late quoting you for a gas connection, or replying to a query.
- Your quote is not accurate.
- They take longer than 20 working days to tell you when they can connect your gas.
- They turn off your gas supply for planned maintenance without at least five days’ advance notice.
- They take longer than 24 hours to reconnect your gas after an unexpected disconnection.
- You are left without a gas supply for more than five working days.
- They take too long to respond to a complaint.
- Your compensation payment is late.
If you’re a vulnerable energy customer and you experience a power cut or your gas supply is stopped, your supplier should help arrange an alternative supply while repair or maintenance work is carried out.
How to claim compensation from your network operators
You’ll need to write to your regional electricity network operator or your regional gas network operator in order to claim compensation for a power outage. You should do this within three months of your supply being restored for electricity and within 28 working days for gas.
To find out who supplies your gas, call the Meter Point Administration Service on 0800 540 4538.
To find out who supplies your electricity, visit Energy Networks Association for your local distribution company’s contact number.